Buddhism : History and Philosophy

The Founder of Buddhism 

Buddhism was founded by Shakyamuni Buddha (or Gautama Buddha), born in the late 6th century BC in a royal family, in Lumbini (originally North India, but now part of Nepal).

According to the legend, it was predicted at his birth that he might become a renouncer (withdrawing from temporal life). His father provided him with many luxuries and pleasures in order to prevent this.

one day the young Shakyamuni ventured outside the grounds of the palace in which he grew up and saw some more severe forms of human suffering: old age, illness, death as well as ascetic renouncer. Witnessing this he realised that pleasures on Earth are temporary and only mask human suffering.

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